Professional Development for New Classroom Spaces: Extending the Concerns-Based Adoption Model

Main Article Content

Karen Joy Haines


This article outlines how a tertiary institution designed professional development, during the first year of a long-term building initiative, to support teachers moving into new collaborative learning spaces. The Concerns-Based Adoption Model (CBAM) is used to reflect on professional development strategies employed to support teachers into using new classroom spaces. The stages of the CBAM were useful in considering the value of resources created for teacher development. The paper concludes with a discussion as to how effective the model proved to be in relation to teachers’ expressed concerns, and suggests expanding the CBAM parameters to reflect the complexity of professional development design for next-generation learning spaces.

Article Details

Reflective Analysis Papers
Author Biography

Karen Joy Haines, Unitec Institute of Technology

Te Puna Ako

Academic Advisor



Brooks, D. C. (2012). Space and consequences: The impact of different formal learning spaces on instructor and student behaviour. Journal of Learning Spaces, 1(2).
Brooks, D. C., Baepler, P., & Walker, J. D. (2014). Editors' notes. In D. C. Brooks, P. Baepler, & J. D. Walker (Eds.), Active learning spaces (pp. 1-8). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass
Carr, N., & Fraser, K. (2014). Factors that shape pedagogical practices in next generation learning spaces In K. Fraser (Ed.), Future of learning and teaching in next generation learning spaces (Vol. 12, pp. 175-198). Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.
Ertmer, P. A., & Ottenbreit-Leftwich, A. T. (2010). Teacher technology change: How knowledge, confidence, beliefs and culture intersect. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 42(3), 255-284.
Evans, R., & Cook, R. (2014). In the right space: exploring the dynamics between design, environment and pedagogy. Paper presented at the Rhetoric and Reality: Critical perspectives on educational technology, Dunedin.
Fraser, K. (2014a). The future of research in next generation learning spaces. In K. Fraser (Ed.), Future of learning and teaching in next generation learning spaces (Vol. 12, pp. 319-336). Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.
Fraser, K. (2014b). Introduction. In K. Fraser (Ed.), Future of learning and teaching in next generation learning spaces (Vol. 12, pp. xv-xxiii). Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.
George, A. A., Hall, G. E., & Stiegelbauer, S. (2006). Measuring implementation in schools: The stages of concern questionnaire. Austin, TX: SEDL.
Hollingshead, B. (2009). The concerns-based adoption model: A framework for examining implementation of character education program. NASSP Bulletin, 93(3), 166-183. NASSP Bulletin, 93(3), 166-183.
Khoboli, B., & O'Toole, J. (2012). The Concerns-Based Adoption Model: Teachers' Participation in Action Research. Systemic Practice & Action Research, 25(2), 137-148. doi:10.1007/s11213-011-9214-8
Kwok, P.-W. (2014). The role of context in teachers' concerns about the implementation of an innovative curriculum. Teaching and Teacher Education, 38, 44-55.
Lippincott, J. K. (2009). Learning Spaces: Involving Faculty to Improve Pedagogy. EDUCAUSE Review, 44(20), 16-18.
Olsen, T., & Guffey, S. (2016). Intentional Process for Intentional Space. Journal of Learning Spaces, 5(1).
Radcliffe, D. (2009). A pedagogy-space-technology (PST) framework for designing and evaluating learning places. Paper presented at the Next Generation Learning Spaces 2008 Colloquium, University of Queensland, Brisbane.
Saunders, R. (2012). Assessment of Professional Development for Teachers in the Vocational Education and Training Sector: An Examination of the Concerns Based Adoption Model. Australian Journal of Education, 56(2), 182-204.
Steel, C., & Andrews, T. (2012). Re-imagining teaching for technology-enriched learning spaces: An academic development model. In M. Keppell, K. Souter, & M. Riddle (Eds.), Physical and virtual learning spaces in higher education: Concepts for the modern learning environment. Hershey: Information Science Reference.
Wenmouth, D. (2014). Using a concerns-based approach to professional development of staff for open and distance learning Paper presented at the 2014 DEANZ conference, Christchurch, NZ.